Farmers in Zaka
district have started preparing their land for a dry-planting initiative known
as pfumvudza which is being promoted by the Ministry of Agriculture and some
Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs).
In many villages, land preparation
has been done, with holes already in place as people expect an earlier than
ordinary start of the rainy season.
A local farmer who
spoke to TellZim News said he expected a better harvest in the 2020-2021
farming season even if the rains were to turn up to be not so good.
I have gone through so
much learning with regards to pfumvudza and I think it will help me and others
get more food for our efforts on the land. Last season, most of our plants died
due to moisture stress because the rains were not stable,” said one villager.
Saviours Makunde, an agriculture
extension officer, said he expected more rural farmers to embrace the pfumvudza
method in light of increasingly erratic rainfall patterns.
“This planting method
gives farmers a better chance to produce more yields per acre when the rains
are not very friendly because it helps to preserve moisture. The country has
not had a reliable rainfall pattern over the years due to climate change and
this district is badly affected,” said Makunde.
Shylet Mutendeudzi, an
extension officer based in Masvingo rural, agreed with Makunde saying it was
important for farmers to adopt farming methods that are responsive to climate
He said government’s
intervention through the Presidential Input Scheme will ensure that more land
in the rural areas is put under cultivation to improve food security.
The pfumvudza method involves making composite heaps from
which manure is obtained to fill small, dry holes prepared in the fields.
At the onset of the rains, seeds are planted in those holes
and covered with a mixture of the soil and manure. At
the onset of the rains, seeds are planted and covered with top soil.
By filling the manure
directly into the hole, little of the manure is wasted and this also helps in
moisture retention when rainfall is erratic.